Blog


18

Sep 2014

The Role of Self-Efficacy in Health

Hidden away in our subconscious are the beliefs by which we live. We make decisions every day based on these beliefs without thinking about them. What happens when these beliefs are challenged? Do we shy away from a challenge because we doubt our abilities, or do we welcome the challenge and rise to the occasion? What is Self-Efficacy Self-efficacy is a person’s belief, or confidence, in his or her ability to be successful in certain situations. The concept of self-efficacy, a core aspect of social cognitive theory, originated from psychologist Albert Bandura. According to Bandura, self-efficacy has an impact on all aspects of our lives; emotional, psychological, motivational, and is a strong predictor of behavior change. Self-efficacy beliefs, or self- perceptions, provide the foundation for well-being, personal accomplishments, and life choices. A person with a high sense of self-efficacy approach tasks as a challenge rather than a threat to be avoided. They set challenging goals, maintain a strong sense of commitment to them, and recover after setbacks or failures attributing these failures to lack of knowledge and skills which can be acquired (Bandura 1977). Overall, self-efficacy is concerned with people’s beliefs in their capabilities to exercise control over their functioning and over the events that affect their lives. Self-Efficacy in Health Self-efficacy provides a way of tapping into the power of consumers to engage in their health. Studies tell us there is a strong relationship between self-efficacy and behavior change. A critical factor in determining how successful a person will be in taking control of, and improving their health depends on their level of self-efficacy. People may understand their health is determined by their behavior, but  believe they lack the knowledge and skills necessary to make those changes. Their success depends on several factors; their successes and failures with behavior…

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The Art of Self-Management: What is it and Why you need it

07

Aug 2014

The Art of Self-Management: What is it and Why you need it

With an average of 15 minutes allowed for a medical office visit, most of a person’s health care happens outside the doctor’s office. Self-management is a key component in effectively managing health, whether preventing disease or managing a chronic illness. Self-management goes beyond traditional health education that focuses on disease-specific self-care interventions. As a multi-faceted approach to health, self-management builds skills in self-monitoring, problem-solving, self- efficacy, decision-making, and communication, and then actively applies them to health-related situations. Practicing self-management improves the exchange of information between the person and their health providers. The person becomes their own health advocate to get the best and most appropriate care for themselves, which improves health outcomes. The aim of self-management is to empower an individual to take control of their health. Using self-management techniques, a person can detect changes in their health and take the necessary action to prevent it from becoming a chronic condition. Practicing self-management improves the ability of a person to manage a chronic illness, making cognitive, emotional, and behavior changes necessary to improve their quality of life. It means being an active participant by asking questions, appointing a health advocate and taking them with you to your appointments, understanding your medications, learning about your chronic illness, and making lifestyle choices that will improve your health. Health Promotion Strategies As providers of self-management tools and resources, Health Promotion Associates, LLC, believes there is considerable opportunity for developing self-management strategies to overcome barriers that inhibit a person’s ability to manage their health. According to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Field Notes, it’s important to give people the “tools they need to understand what makes them sick, how to stay healthy, and what to do if their condition gets worse”. In order to be effective, self-management programs should include ongoing support that; Focuses on the needs, values, and preferences of the person…

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